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warfare are both relatively recent inventions. they were only made possible by the rise of the first city-states in mesopotamia about 5,000 years ago. by definition you could not have a conventional army without a state, and so until you had states, you had no conventional armies which had officers and enlisted ranks and a bureaucracy and logistics and all these other things that we associate with conventional armed forces. but guess what? as soon as you had the very first city-states in mesopotamia, they were immediately being attacked by know e mass from the persian -- nomads from the persian highlands. essentially, guerrillas. and so from the very start organized militaries have always spent a lot of their time fighting unconventional, irregular warfare. and you know what? those terms don't make a heck of a lot ofceps. that's one of the big takeaways i had from doing six years of reading and research for this book. the way we think about this spire subject is all messed up -- entire subject is all messed up. we think that somehow conventional warfare is the norm, that the way you ought
of sadr city. prime minister maliki had told his predecessor stay out of sadr city. because the head of that militia now solder was in some kind of alliance with maliki. petraeus comes in. he just doesn't. a distance this guy into sadr city. does away for any approval. so that's kind of how he operates. within nine months this is actually working. there is a huge decline in sectarian violence. there's a huge decline in casualties off all kinds. but here's where we are coming to the problem to have a problem with the counterinsurgency theory generally. petraeus have said all along that what his goal was, the whole idea of this campaign was to create some breathing space. the zone of security so that the iraqi factions, sunni, shia, kurds and others, they can get their act together. they can forge a coherent government without having to worry about getting blown up every 10 minutes. the problem was that maliki, shia leader of iraq had no interest in doing this. you don't interest in setting up an oil revenue sharing plan with the cities. he had no interest in bringing in a lot of these
. the most fundamental of which is this. when i was first elected to the city council i went to the city manager and talked to him about pride and things. he said here is your job. we have a capital improvement plan. the things we have to do over the next ten years and it costs so many million dollars and he said here is the problem. the public collectively is not willing to pay for what the public collectively wants. and is so true. is even truer in congress. the expectation is there can be current or more service delivered in an efficient, professional way for less money and the math doesn't work. you can do more with less once in awhile but year after year after year you simply can't and that is the most difficult thing for people to understand. you look at the gap that i've put up their about the vast amount drained by the bush tax cuts, some of that has gone back but only some of it because by and large the american people do not want any money spent on taxes. the price being paid for that is not so much an individual price. more a price that involves the health of the population an
, and we had some leftovers. those leftovers went to the city, extra stock. it then went as a part of a sister or city program with a local gentleman down to mexico and went to children in mexico. so there you have the literary arts, the performing arts, the educational value and the city cultural outreach all in one volume. form an allegiance to it. if you don't like what they carry, tell them. a lot of what we order comes from suggestions from our customers. i wish you had this book, i wish you had that book. and we'll get it for them. and very often we'll get another copy for the store, and very often that will sell brick quickly. so go to your local store whatever you're trying to buy. see what they have, talk to the people. these are your maybe the neighbors. -- these are your neighbors. >> for more information on booktv's recent visit to santa fe, new mexico, go to c-span.org/localcontent. >>> and now, general stanley mcchrystal discusses his memoir, "my share of the task." in the book the former commander of u.s. forces in afghanistan recounts the major turning points in his
of congress is women and 45 of the states have mail governors, 90 percent of large cities have mail mayors but after that there is not systematic attention. 45% of the school board are women but those are not as likely to be the first office to. a future career. so people don't use that as a stepping stone. >> host: is that a definition of success? >> most people do start at the local lovell and climbed the state level are maybe federal office. what i learned was low over 4,000 men or women it is important to focus your political ambition and the issues you care about to it is not necessarily the most effective route to to wait 20 years you are most affected about what you are enthusiastic. >> host: to have a case study of a failure somebody who ran for the wrong reasons? >> guest: we have a series of people resurveyed and interviewed, about 4,000 women and men, lawyers, educators, pol itical activists and then follow up phone interviews with 300. there are examples of people who thought they wanted to run for office, so those who were party activists and their heart was not it is someone
of the nation's first and totally digital public libraries. >> they're the most literate cities in the third straight year. the list is based on research done by mr. miller who looked at the number of bookstores and libraries as well as newspaper circulation and the education level of each of the city's population you can see them by going to u.s. a today. >> a library dhaka was checked out in 1958 made its way back to the new york public library on monday. the 55 years overdue book was returned with an envelope with a check for $100 to cover the cost. the manager jennifer says the records don't date back to the 1950's, so it is impossible to know who the book more work was. the overdue book was the biography of a priest title defier of france and xavier. state to date on the breaking news on publishing by liking as on facebook or you can follow us on a trader at booktv or visit the web site, booktv.org and click on news about books. >> what role does religion play? it seems to be important in who is going to have children and who is not, but it's in the sense of belief that in attendance th
but in reality if you can't cover the whole city would do a lot of things that one swat team can never be decisive and that is where we found ourselves, significant evolution, where we began to change. >> in somalia, the task force ranger had been there a month or two before the big battle that i wrote about and during that period they launched six so the path, the pace was intelligence gathering, finding targets, planning and operations, once that intelligence came together, launching a rage . describe what tempo means >> you get into and make a decision and set criteria to lunch when the criteria come. it is a pretty centralized, pretty deliberate process. when we got in iraq we were all originally doing that and have this precise thing and we found we were having an effect that very narrow affect, very slow affect and when we would go to pick up an individual that may or may not be a fight. if we capture him and his computer and his phone, capture all those things, but one of our small forces around the country would do the operation, might take a day or two to send the individual b
, and we must thank the city of savannah department of cultural affairs, festival upon spores, members, and individual donors for their support. it is because of them that we are able to bring you these esteemed authors for free. if you enjoyed today's speakers and would like to make a donation to the festival, we've provided yellow buckets at the door when you exit. please consider giving to our bucket list for next year's gifted scribes. before we get started, i just have a couple of housekeeping notes for you. please take a moment to silence your cell phones. i had to do that myself. okay. immediately following his presentation, mr. gore will be signing copies of his book. please go to the fellowship hall which is located directly behind the pulpit, and you go out the doors and around, and a right turn as you enter the exit the sanctuary. there's volunteers outside to direct you. mr. gore will be able to sign 400 books, and you must have the numbered card that was included with your book purchase. your signing order will correspond with your card number, and you will be called in gr
sends somebody out to waziristan , huge chunks living in cities as destitute refugees, and every day is like 9/11 for us. so, again, go back to the man in the village, and particularly the impact on women and children. whatever the debate about drones, remember there's a model humanitarian dimension that is missing. the impact on women and children is devastating and this has been documented in studies like the recent one by stanford and new york university. >> host: you mentioned drones and a lot of your book, your newest book, the thisle this --e and the drone, and the debate in washington. what's the view of drones in these tribal areas, afghanistan, pakistan? >> guest: again, peter, you use the word debate. there is a debate in the united states. it's just starting and it will pick up. but the debate implies two opposing points of view. the donate americaer americaer - the debate in america is one sided. i would like too hear from of yemen. somalis, who are vices to the drone strikes, what they think and how they're respond the drone. we don't hear their voices. well in this book
the militia prime minister maliki told the prime minister's day at of sadr city now in some kind of alliance he just send these guys in and does not wait for approval. there is a huge decline of sectarian violence but here is where we come into a problem with counterinsurgency, pretorius has said the goal of the campaign is to create a breathing space so the factions can get there act together to forge a cohesive group but maliki had no interest to do any of this to set up the oil revenue sharing plan or no interest to bring in the sons of iraq's into the iraqi army as was promised so what we see now at a much, much lower-level sectarian violence and an unstable state. afghanistan, of betraying us comes from iraq is a miracle worker. i am condensing but he creates miracles and iraq may be afghanistan. obama as an experiment bought onto it with their counter insurgency strategy. the problem is remember the book i mentioned the trade is and others are consulting regularly, it is a good book but there is one chapter called conditions for a successful insurgency that might make an effort to grou
Search Results 0 to 12 of about 13 (some duplicates have been removed)

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